The oleo pneumatic shock absorber of the present invention is shown operatively connected between the main support strut 14 and each wheel axle through a crank arm 15. Including inerters in aircraft landing gear shock strut to. Oleopneumatic shock absorber is considered the safest and the most efficient modern shock absorption type with efficiencies up to 90%. Energy storage, impact absorption, dampening of water hammer effect, transference of pressure between two different fluids, keeping the pressure in leaking circuits, to compensate the variations in the volume of a liquid due to its thermal dilatation, machine tools, etc. Mar 10, 2016 oleo pneumatic shock absorber design 9 out of 10 based on 454 ratings. The relief valve comprises a highpressure air chamber separated from the oil in the high. In this study, uncertain polytopic state space representation is developed by modelling the pneumatic shock absorber dynamics as a mechanical system with nonlinear stiffness and damping properties. Us4381857a programmed oleopneumatic shock absorber. Optimization of an oleopneumatic shock absorber of an aircraft during landing, journal of aircraft, vol.
Drop test of an oleopneumatic landing gear request pdf. Oleo pneumatic shock absorber design struts and shocks. Landing gear model and an oleo pneumatic shock absorber a 2dof model shown in fig. No contact information is available for sachin barve. The high gear and weight efficiencies associated with the oleopneumatic shock absorber make it the preferred design for commercial transports 2. Active control of a nonlinear landing gear system having. Industrial shock absorber pneumatic end cushioning spring stroke s stopping time t v ms hydraulic dashpot t industrial shock absorber t selection of shock absorber type parker shock absorbers are available in two main types, to suit different applications and installation requirements. An emphasis is placed on the function and calculation of loads acting on oleopneumatic shock absorbers, which are the main type of shock absorber considered. Optimization of an oleopneumatic shock absorber of an. Head, piston rod, body, adjustment dial and lock nut. It is undesirable for an airplane to bounce on landingit could lead to a loss of control. The shock absorber analyzed in this thesis is the most current and modern type of shock absorber available. A cylindrical oil chamber is separated by a movable orifice plate into high and lowpressure stages which are connected by a hollow metering pin passing through the orifice.
Head is the direct contact part which is impacted by moving object and operated as a stopper to the body when cycle is. The force, which the aircraft structure is subject to, can be expressed in newtons 2nd law of physics f m a or force mass x acceleration. This invention relates to oleo pneumatic shock absorbers such as those employed on mechanical equipment for example vehicles especially aircraft undercarriages, and more particularly to such a shock absorber wherein the rate of compression is programmed separately as for example in the case of aircraft landing gears for the landing impact and for rollout subsequent to the impact. Young 2 presented the development of conventional landing gear with respect to the design, energy absorption characteristics, landing gear geometry and types from 1940 to the present. Most landing gear use an oleopneumatic shock absorber which essentially consists of an oil damper and a gas spring. Design of a new magnetorheological damper based on passive. Jun 15, 1982 the oleo pneumatic shock absorber 1 shown in the drawings is interposed between the body 18 of a vehicle and a wheel hub 5 and forms part of the wheel suspension. Conceptual design of singleacting oleopneumatic shock. Ceska, montreal, canada 57 abstract a twostage oleo pneumatic shock absorber incor 75 inventor. The basic structure of an oleo pneumatic shock strut is outlined in figure 7 below. Landing gear integration in aircraft conceptual design mad 96. Multiphysics based simulations of a shock absorber subsystem. For any application involving a combination of high aircraft weight, high sink speed or minimum gear space an oleo pneumatic strut should be considered for its obvious gains in performance, small size and low weight. An oleo strut is a pneumatic air oil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones.
Please check the boxes for the options that you would like to add. Swedish society of aeronautics and astronautics ftf. Pdf design and analysis of modified oleo strut shock. Request pdf active control of a nonlinear landing gear system having oleo pneumatic shock absorber using robust linear quadratic regulator approach this paper deals with the active control of. A twostage oleopneumatic shock absorber incorporating two pneumatic air pressure chambers, a high air pressure chamber and a low pressure air chamber, separated by a hydraulic fluid oil pressure chamber. This project focuses on the design and analysis of an oleo pneumatic shock absorber strut for nose landing gear system for a lightweight aircraft. The oleo story leading world experts coventry and shanghai. The shock absorber 1 comprises an outer hollow metal cylinder 2 which is closed at its lower end and serves the dual function of acting as a load bearing structure and of containing. A twostage oleopneumatic shock absorber incorporating two pneumatic air pressure chambers, a high air pressure chamber and a low. The primary purpose of the oleo strut, as you are probably already aware, is to absorb the landing loads on an aircraft. The oleo pneumatic shock absorber has a high efficiency under dynamic conditions both in terms of energy dissipation and return to normal static conditions 1. The most common shock absorber type is an oleopneumatic shock absorber. Conceptual design of singleacting oleopneumatic shock absorber in landing gear with combined method nima ghiasi tabari. Apr 29, 2019 oleopneumatic shock absorber technology has continued to be refined, for example with us patent us2959410 a, jarry hydraulics, in 1960.
The basic weight support function of the oleopneumatic shock struts, which have a high efficiency under dynamic conditions both in terms of energy absorption. This project focuses on the design and analysis of an oleopneumatic shock absorber strut for nose landing gear system for a lightweight aircraft. Not only do oleo struts have a higher efficiency and dampingtoweight ratio than any other type of shock absorber, they also dissipate energy in a more optimal way, storing and releasing energy at controlled rates during the compression and. The first innovation to the oleopneumatic shock absorbers was the metering pin, which modulated. Shock absorber stroke torque ambient temperature collision speed impact object mass angle speed friction coefficient unit mm j j j n m s2 m kg m2 cycle min mpa m m n m c m s kg kg rad s 1 2 3 symbol corresponding mass of impact object shock absorber series rb rb individualx dx 3282rb.
These have a high damping to weight ratio and are used in most modern. Alex engineering design, gojan school of business and technology, redhills, chennai600 052 abstract. The complete system is modeled within amesim using the thermohydraulic and pneumatic component design thcd and pcd to assess the sizing for each part of the device. The original oleo pneumatics shock absorber was developed from the vickers gun recuperative gear design which was first applied to an aeroplane by the french company breguet aviation. An oleopneumatic strut is an airoil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones. The active landing gears equipped with oleo pneumatic shock absorber are highly nonlinear systems. Applicable models can be selected depending on the operating speed. Optimization of an oleopneumatic shock absorber for main. Cushioning components product range overview function type code version description area of application shock absorbers elastomer shock absorbers dyefy1 mechanical shock absorber with flexible rubber buffer cushioning stroke cannot be adjusted no fixed stop continuous mounting thread with internal hex mini slide dgsl. The high gear and weight efficiencies associated with the oleo pneumatic shock absorber make it the preferred design for commercial transports 2. A twostage oleo pneumatic shock absorber incorporating an overload relief valve for instantaneous damping of transient loads. Pneumatic and hydraulic shock absorbers are used in conjunction with cushions and springs. Left and right abs sensor bracket may need to be swapped over on strut depending on position.
These shock absorbers for having both fluid and gas flow can benefit from the advantages of both previous states. Aircraft landing gear is a unique subsystem which is actuated to land the airframe without a depredation to the airframe. An automobile shock absorber contains springloaded check valves and orifices to control the flow of oil through an internal piston see below. Each shock absorber is designated 16 since they are identical one to the other and the extension and retraction thereof serves to move each pair of associated wheels 12. Including inerters in aircraft landing gear shock strut to improve the. Compatible with the rb series in terms of mounting. The shock absorber shown here is to model the leakage in the recoil chamber which is a common type of fault observed in most of the shock absorbers. Parker pneumatic industrial shock absorbers industrial shock. A shock absorber of the oleo pneumatic type comprising. This design cushions the impacts of landing and damps out vertical oscillations. May 03, 1983 the oleo pneumatic shock absorber of the present invention is shown operatively connected between the main support strut 14 and each wheel axle through a crank arm 15. Based on the analysis procedure as outlined in this chapter, algorithms were developed to determine the required stroke and piston length to meet the given design conditions, as.
Oleo pneumatic shock strut design the basic weight support function of the oleo pneumatic shock struts, which have a high efficiency under dynamic conditions both in terms of energy absorption and dissipation, is provided by a compressed cylinder of air and oil. Nowadays, passive oleopneumatic shock absorbers are widely used in aircraft 3. A twostage oleopneumatic shock absorber incorporating an overload relief valve for instantaneous damping of transient loads. Nonlinear vibration analysis of oleo pneumatic landing gear at. An oleopneumatic shock absorber has both a gas charge, typically nitrogen or dry air is used, and a hydraulic oil. Programmed oleopneumatic shock absorber lockheed corporation. Inroduction a shock absorber or damper is a mechanical device designed to smooth out or damp shock impulse, and dissipate kinetic energy. Landing gear integration in aircraft conceptual design by sonny t. Note that this model is presented to capture the first compressive stroke of the shock strut, i. Oleopneumatic shock struts are the most common type of shock absorber used on modern aircraft. Catalog pdn2us shock absorbers parker pneumatic shocks. Design and analysis of modified oleo strut shock absorber system in aircraft landing gear m. Oleo pneumatic shock struts are the most common type of shock absorber used on modern aircraft.
An oleo strut is a pneumatic airoil hydraulic shock absorber used on the landing gear of most large aircraft and many smaller ones. Nonlinear vibration analysis of oleo pneumatic landing gear. Parker pneumatic b shock absorbers actuator products shock absorbers shock absorbers shocks miniature shock absorbers mc 9 to mc 75 selfcompensating miniature shock absorbers mc 150, mc 225 and mc 600 selfcompensating heavyweight shock absorbers sc 300 and sc 650 soft contact and selfcompensating miniature shock absorbers sc 190 to sc 925. Optimization of an oleopneumatic shock absorber for main landing gear of. Conceptual design of singleacting oleopneumatic shock absorber in. The oleopneumatic accumulators have many generic applications. The inerter is a recently introduced mechanical element, in which the. Multiphysics based simulations of a shock absorber sub. The principles illustrated by the successful use of hydropneumatic suspension are now used in a broad range of applications, such as aircraft oleo struts and gas filled automobile shock absorbers, first patented in the u.565 626 335 93 1210 874 1153 371 1270 82 1278 815 262 1442 1149 223 77 1064 850 1146 1583 105 1457 1341 838 348 1043 178 1569 1467 1224 1162 1551 540 1460 976 664 806 936 1094 863 828 380 454 18 406 1090